Journal of Pharmacoeconomics and Pharmaceutical Management 2015. 1(3/4):53-55.

Geographical distribution of pharmacies in two provincial capitals in Iran
Zahra Gharibnasri, Mehrnaz Kheirandish, Bahram Delfan, Abbas Kebriaeezadeh


Background: Access to medications is affected by multiple factors including distribution of pharmacies. Improvement of access to medications is of the main goals of the
National Drug Policy (NDP) of Iran. The aim of this study was to assess the geographical distribution of pharmacies within two provincial capitals in Iran. Material and
Methods: Two Southwestern provincial capital cities; Khorramabad and Ahwaz, were selected. As each city in Iran is divided to several districts called municipal areas, the
population percentages and the percentage of pharmacies located in each area were calculated. Areas’ pharmacy distributions were compared in order to create an
overview of the present status of distribution and access to pharmacies in each area. Results: Ahwaz and Khorramabad with populations of approximately 1,000,000 and
5,200,000 are separated into eight and three municipal areas, respectively. The results showed that there is one pharmacy for every 5,600 persons in Ahwaz and one
pharmacy for every 8,155 persons in Khorramabad. Conclusion: Based on this study, pharmacy distribution is not proportional to population in neither Ahwaz nor
Khorramabad. This can be explained by the fact that physicians are mostly concentrated in central areas attracting pharmacists to the same locations.


Pharmacy distribution, Population distribution, Access to medicine, Ahwaz, Khorramabad.

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