Study of self-medication status among referring patients to Kashan pharmacies

  • Hadi Hayati Department of Pharmacoeconomics and pharmaceutical management, School of pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Bahman Khosravi Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Abbas Kebriaeezadeh Department of Pharmacoeconomics and Pharmaceutical Administration, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mahdi Khanizade Department of Public Health, School of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
Keywords: Self-medication, Over the counter drugs, Kashan, Pharmacy.


Background: Self-medication is one of the largest social, economic and health problems in developing communities such as Iran. It is considered as an unsafe treatmentbehavior. This study aimed to assess self-medication status among referring patients to Kashan pharmacies. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conductedin 2012; 12 pharmacies were selected randomly from 56 pharmacies in Kashan. The data was collected through observation, interviews and semi-structured questionnaire.The data were analyzed through SPSS v.18. Results: About 26% of patients requested drug without a prescription. Of 208 persons, 143 persons (%68.8) were men, and 65(31.3%) women; 119 (57.2%) had high school or academic education. The most requested drugs were analgesics (36.5%), antibiotics (30.8%), cold remedies (16.8%),gastrointestinal (513.5%), tranquilizers and antidepressants (11.5%). Main excuses for self-medication were having previous experience of using the drug (46.7%) and lowimportance of the disease (25%). Conclusion: In Iran, the rate of self-medication is very high and analgesics and antibiotics are among the most without-prescriptionrequested drugs. Clearly, providing help to raise public awareness on the over-the-counter (OTC) drugs and prescription-only medicines’ (POM) risks and side effects isneeded. According to the reasons mentioned for self-medication immediate action for reducing nonprescription medicine request are essential.


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How to Cite
Hayati H, Khosravi B, Kebriaeezadeh A, Khanizade M. Study of self-medication status among referring patients to Kashan pharmacies. JPPM. 1(3/4):45-8.